Published by TIHV, april 2016
FACT SHEET on DECLARED CURFEWS BETWEEN AUGUST 16, 2015 and APRIL 20, 2016 and CIVILIANS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES ACCORDING to the DATA of HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION of TURKEY DOCUMENTATION CENTER
Between the dates August 16, 2015 and April 20, 2016 there has been 65 officially confirmed, open-ended and round-the-clock [all daylong] curfews in at least 22 districts of 7 cities in Southeastern Turkey. These cities are as follow; Diyarbakır (35 times), Şırnak (10 times) ve Mardin (11 times), Hakkâri (5 times), Muş (1 time), Elazığ (1 time) and Batman (2 times). It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 642 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as Right to Life and Right to Health are explicitly violated. According to the statement of Ministry of Health on February 27, 2016, at least 355 thousand residents were forced to leave the cities and districts they lived in.
Click here to reach the detailed table over curfews.
Click here to download the pdf version of this fact sheet.
As it was stated in our previous fact sheets; the datas over curfews on periodic Fact Sheets and within the Daily Reports of HRFT Documentation Center are obtained through press review, official web sites of relevant public institutions, visual records, statements of witnesses and lawyers, observation reports of political parties and civil organisations and their personal witnessings etc. And whether get investigated and become definite or remain as claims and removed from the annual report if not proved.
According to the data of HRFT Documentation Center, since August 16, 2015 (which is the date of first declared curfew) until April 20, 2016 at least 338 civilians lost their lives in regions and periods of time that curfews were officially declared. 78 are children, 69 are female and 30 are over the age 60 within these people.
|It is State’s duty to enlighten all claims of violations by conducting immediate, impartial, independent and effective investigations, especially over the violations of Right to Life in districts under curfew!|
It is estimated that at least 76 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives due to not being allowed to reach Right to Health. Again at least 200 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives while they were within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas. 182 of these people were killed due to opened fire or hitting by a missile and 18 of them lost their lives due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions. Moreover, 147 of these people who lost their lives within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas were only in Cizre District.
Furthermore, a subject of great concern, especially in relation to children is the possible presence of conflict waste and land mines in the neighbourhoods and districts where the conflict took place. On March 31, 2016, the day operations ended and a curfew was launched overnight in Cizre district two children at the ages of 4 and 6 and on April 13, 2016 in the İdil district a 4 -year-old boy lost their lives due to the explosion of dud they were playing with which they found on the streets. Unfortunately, there is no information available as of yet on whether preventive, protective and informative measures are to be taken or any action programmed to be instigated on the issue.
Also, there are some facts that are not included in abovementioned datas or to the list of civilians who lost their lives:
There are at least 78 bodies in Cizre and at least 15 bodies in İdil that are buried without waiting for the identification process. Detailed explanation has been made on the situation of these bodies by previous HRFT Documentation Center Fact Sheet dated March 18,2016.
In Silopi district of Şırnak, a 7 months old still birth occured due to gunshot through the womb of the mother. Also, at least 11 people lost their lives by arbitrary shooting of security forces during peaceful protests against the curfews in streets/Squares close to curfew zones or by the use of chemicals such as tear gas where no operation was onging or any curfews were declared.
NOTE: Within the context of this fact sheet the term ‘security forces’ is implying to ‘Police Anti-terror Combat Team, Police Special Forces, Gendarmarie Special Forces (Fatihler Unit, Efeler Unit, Dadaşlar Unit which were active units during 90s in the same region), Military Forces and Riot Polices.’ Also, there are some unofficial teams which are both by themselves and publicly defined as JITEM, Esedullah, Hançer[Dagger], Fatihler Teams etc.
As of April 20, 2016, Districts where Curfews are Ongoing:
DİYARBAKIR – Sur: The curfew, which is declared on December 11, 2015 is still ongoing on its 141th day (almost 5 months). On March 9, 2016, it has been declared that the military operations are completed, yet the curfew is only lifted partially in some neighbourhoods and streets by the statements of Sur district governorship on 13th and 16th of March.
ŞIRNAK – Center: The district-wide curfew, which is declared on March 14, 2016 at 11pm is still ongoing on its 37th day.
ŞIRNAK – Silopi: The district-wide curfew, which is declared on April 5, 2016 at 4:30am is still ongoing on its 15th day.
MARDİN – Nusaybin: The district-wide curfew, which is declared on March 13, 2016 at 12am is still ongoing on its 38th day.
HAKKÂRİ – Yüksekova: The district-wide curfew, which is declared on March 13, 2016 at 10pm is still ongoing on its 38th day.
Also, overnight curfews between 9:30pm and 4:30am are launched in Cizre and İdil districts
 These people are: 7 months old still birth of Güler Yanalak due to gunshot through the womb of mother. Şerdıl Cengiz (21-Bağlar district), Şiyar Salman (18-Bağlar district), Şiyar Baran (13-Seyrantepe district), Mizgin Koçyiğit (who thought to be Güler Eroğlu first- Dağkapı Square), Salih Baygın(70-Melik Ahmet Street), Çekwar Çubuk (16-Dağkapı Square), Hüseyin Hüseyinoğlu (22-Bağlar district) in DİYARBAKIR and Emire Gök (39-Gırnavas Mah.) and Hüseyin Ahmet(22-Işık Önder Street) in NUSAYBİN [Note: In Nusaybin, the curfew was declared first in some districts. On 4th day it was broadened to whole district.] and Mehmet Gündüz (45-Feridun district) in SİLVAN. Also, Abdulsetar Cibara(16-Qamishlo/Rojava) shot by a stray bullet through the border of Nusaybin.
Names of the People who lost Their Lives Between the dates August 16th, 2015 and April 20, 2016 within the Districts Under Curfews
Varto: 1. Rahmi Kızıltaş (36), 2. Abdullah Toprak(26), 3.-4. 2 people who are not yet identified
Silvan: 1.Serhat Bilen(25) 2.Hanife Durak(80), 3.Veysi Toraman(60) 4.Vedat Akcanım(17) 5.Deniz(17) 6.Barış Çakıcı(10) 7.Hayriye Hüdaverdi(70) 8.Ferhat Gensür(17) 9.Müslüm Tayar (22) 10.Sertip Polat(20) 11.Engin Gezici(24) 12.İsmet Gezici (55) 13.Rıdvan Us(20) 14.Yakup Sinbağ(20) 15.Latif Nangir(78)
Bismil: 1. Bilal Bozkur(19/22) 2.Abdullah Sügüci(32) 3.Doğan İnce(16) 4. Şeyhmus Düşerge(18) 5.Numan Halil Kurtiş(19) 6.Berat Güzel(12) 7.Elif Şimşek(8) 8.Agit Yıldız(22)
Sur: 1. Helin Şen(12) 2.Halil Tüzülerk(27) 3.Mehmet Demirel(yetişkin) 4.Sezgin Demirok 5.Şoreş Mutlu 6.Cüneyt Yeni 7.Aziz İlhan(47) 8.Melek Apaydın(38) 9.Rozerin Çukur(17) 10.Turgay Girçek(19) 11.Gündüz Akmeşe(28) 12. 1 male in his 80s who is not yet identified 13.Hakan Aslan 14.Murat Menekşe(13) 15.Erhan Keskin(18) 16.Casim Kaya(24) 17.Fatma Ateş(55) 18.Gülistan Aysal(21) 19.Dilber Bozkurt 20.Furkan Erkaplan 21.Muhammed Emin Erol(33)
Bağlar: 1. Özgür Çelenk(18) 2.Eyüp Çelik(24)
Yüksekova: 1. Fettah Es (adult) 2. Yakup Babat (24) 3.Mehmet Reşit Arıcı(17) 4.Naim Nuyan(29) 5.Ersin Aydın(37) 6.Yusuf Aşan(46)
Cizre: 1.Cemile Çağırga (10) 2.Özgür Taşkın (18) 3.Meryem Süne(53) 4.Bünyamin İrci(14) 5.Muhammed Tahir Yaramış (35 days old) 6.Eşref Edin (56) 7.Selman Ağar (10) 8.Mehmet Emin Levent (29) 9.Osman Çağlı(18) 10.Sait Çağdavul (21) 11.Şahin Açık (74) 12.Mehmet Erdoğan (75) 13.Mehmet Sait Nayici (16) 14.Zeynep Taşkın (19) 15.Maşallah Edin (35) 16.Hacı Ata Borçin (75) 17.Gadban Bülbül (78) 18.Mehmet Dökmen (71) 19.Bahattin Sevinik (50) 20.Suphi Sarak (50) 21.İbrahim Çiçek (79) 22.Mülkiye Geçgel (48) 23.Resul Ekinci(65) 24. Hediye Şen(30) 25.Doğan Aslan(24) 26.İbrahim Akhan(15) 27.Selahattin Bozkurt(70) 28.Yılmaz Erz(42) 29.Lütfü Aksoy(25) 30.Zeynep Yılmaz(40) 31.Cahide Çıkal(35) 32.Mehmet Tekin(35) 33.Doğan İşi(18) 34.Mehmet Saçan(38) 35.Emine Duman(75) 36.Azime Aşan(59) 37.Dikran Sayaca(25) 38.Ferdi Kalkan(20) 39.Abdulmecit Yanık(27) 40.Hacı Özdal(25) 41.Miray İnce(3 months old) 42.Ramazan İnce (80) 43.Kumru Işık(85) 44.Hüseyin Ertene(16) 45.Hüseyin Selçuk(5) 46.Abdülaziz Yural(28) 47.Zeynep Demir(65) 48.Ali Tetik(34) 49.Kazım Tonğ(51) 50.Cabbar Taşkın(40) 51.Sezai Burçin(43) 52.Hediye Erden(60) 53.Besna Zırığ(50) 54.Fatma Acet(40) 55.Bişeng Goran(12) 56.Nidar Sümer(17) 57.Halis Sümer(45) 58.Osman Tekin(50) 59.Tayfur Yaşlı(19) 60.Şivan Cebrail Mungan(24) 61.Murat Ekici(22) 62.Murat Egül(24) 63.Ahmet Zırığ(35) 64.Şükrü Coşkun(20) 65.Nebi Katlav(22) 66.Ali Bağdur(25) 67.Mehmet Hacı Tongut(32) 68.Mehmet Şirin Erdinç 69.Garip Mubarız (18) 70.Veysi/Hacı Elçi(30) 71.Abdulmenaf Yılmaz(50) 72.Yakup Isırgan 73.Mehmet Şahin(77) 74.Emame Şahin (77) 75.Yusuf Akalın(12) 76.Büşra Akalın(10) 77.Veli Müjde(38) 78.Abdullah İvedi(25) 79.Hayrettin Şınık(10) 80.Mehmet Rıdvan Kaymaz(36) 81.Hüseyin Paksoy(16) 82.Mehmet Kaplan(35) 83.Serhat Altun(23) 84.Abdülhamit Poçal 85.Selman Erdoğan 86.Ahmet Tunç(50) 87.Cihan Karaman(23) 88.Rüzgar Yıldızgörer(25) 89.Selami Yılmaz(25) 90.Nusreddin Bayar(20) 91.Sultan Irmak(16) 92.Selim Turay(22) 93.Şervan Kenan Adıgüzel 94.Mehmet Özkul(23) 95.Nizar Isırgan 96.Cengiz Sansak 97.Ramazan Çömlek 98.Zerin Uca(22) 99.Sahip Edin(30’s) 100.Abdullah Gün(16) 101.Yunus Meral 102.Tahir Akdoğan(16) 103.Mevlüde Özalp 104.Fehmi Fakah Dinç(adult) 105.Fatma Demir(adult) 106.Barış Gasir(adult) 107.Sabri Sezgin(18) 108.Abdülselam Turgut(adult) 109.Mahsum Erdoğan 110.Muharrem Erbek(23) 111.Sinan Kaya(22) 112.Mehmet Kulbay(22) 113.Burhan Taşdelen 114.Aydın Erol 115.Ferhat Karaduman(16) 116.Nursel Dalmış(18) 117.Murat Şimşek(16) 118.Abbas Güllübahçe 119.Tuğba Eminoğlu 120.Erdal Şahin(29) 121.Rohat Aktaş(adult) 122.Adil Küçük(adult) 123.Mahmut Duymak(51) 124.Umut Ürek 125.Ramazan İşçi 126.Metin Karane 127.Dersim Aksoy 128.İslam Balıkesir 129.Ömer Baran(25) 130.Mustafa Gasyak(16) 131.Ali Fırat Kalkan 132.Kasım Yana(18) 133.İzzet Gündüz(adult) 134.Berjin Demirkaya 135.Sakine Şiray(adult) 136.Ekrem Sevilgen(17) 137.Serdar Özbek(32) 138.Mehmet Benzer(19) 139.Tajdin Nerse(22) 140.Mehmet Dalmış(31) 141.Mehmet Yavuzel(adult) 142.Rıdvan Ekinci 143.Bişeng Kolanç 144.Cihat Altun(22) 145.Mehmet Yılmaz(23) 146.Cüneyt Kızıltay 147.Güler Eroğlu(20) 148.Mehmet Edin 149.Star Özkül 150.Hasan Ayaz(14) 151.Yılmaz Geçim(15) 152.Mesut Özer(17) 153.Cengiz Gerem(15) 154.Derya Koç(adult) 155.Azad Yılmaz(19) 156.Hakkı Külte(13) 157.Çimen Tankan 158.İsmail Çetin 159.Murat Erdin 160.Hasan Tağ(adult) 161.Agit Küçük 162.Harun Barın 163.Hülya Aktaş(adult) 164.Cemile Erden(28) 165.Mehmet Tunç(yetişkin) 166.Orhan Tunç 167.Veysi Bademkıran(17) 168.Yasemin Çıkmaz(17) 169.İbrahim Temel 170.Yakup Yalçın 171.Felek Çağdavul 172.Fırat Malgaz 173.Yakup Dadak 174.Ramazan Aydın 175.Lokman Bilgiç 176.Hüseyin Kaya 177.M. Emin İdim(child) 178.Tahir Çiçek(child) 179.Abdullah Özgül 180.Meryem Akyol(17) 181.Ramazan Biriman 182.Hüseyin Kayaalp(16) 183.M.Ata Kalaycı 184.Güler Akıl 185.Ahmet Yılmaz 186.Hamza İdim 187.Hanife İdim 188.Tahir Çelik 189.Halil Çelik 190.Mehmet Kalaycı 191.Hacer Arslan 192.Sefa Sever 193.Murat Aslan 194.Harun Çağlı(4) 195.Ayşenur Geçit(6) Besides, there are at least 79 bodies that are buried without waiting for the identification process.
Silopi: 1. Hüseyin Güzel (70) 2.Yusuf Aybi(80) 3.Reşit Eren(17) 4.Axin Kanat(16) 5.İbrahim Bilgin(18) 6.Şiyar Özbek(25) 7.Süleyman Çoban(70) 8.Taybet İnan(57) 9.Yusuf İnan(40) 10.Ayşe Buruntekin(40) 11.Mehmet Mete Kutluk(11) 12.Ömer Sayan(70) 13.Hasan Sanır (75) 14.Salihe Şirnexi/Salih Erener(75) 15.Seyfettin Sidar(30) 16.İsmail Yevşan(55) 17.Necati Öden(18) 18.Ömer Yalman(45) 19.Ömer Maslu(70) 20.Pakize Nayır(25) 21.Sêvê Demir(41) 22.Fatma Uyar(27) 23.İslam Atak (20) 24.Hasan Yağmur(42) 25.Aydın Mete(16) 26.Yusuf Yağcı(25) 27.Şirin Altay (43) 28.Narinç Kızıl(52) 29. 1 male in his 30s who is not yet identified 30.İsa Tonguç 31.Ahmet Tonguç 32.Muhyettin Tonguç 33.Saadettin Tonguç 34.Behiye Erener(45) 35.Rahime Sanır(14) 36.Züleyha Şalk(70) 37.Esra Şalk(2)
İdil: 1. M.Sadık Bozeri(57) 2.Vedat Gürbüz(24) 3.Mazlum Kapalıgöz(17) 4.Aziz Akan(30) 5.Orhan Abay(16) 6.Sevilay Yıldız(15) 7.Fatma Eraslan(13) 8.Abdullah Ecevit(39) 9.Mete Ağırhan(15) 10.Ahmet Varlı(15) 11.Veli Aşar(18) 12.Şevki Geldisöz 13.Hacı Karakaş 14.Ramazan Gümüş(14) 15.İrfan Çağlar(24) 16.İbrahim Çelebi 17.Burhan Baydemir 18.Vahap Çıkmaz 19.Vasfi Kaya 20.Abdulselam Güler 21.Fidan Arslan 22.İsmail Gürbüz(19) 23.Hidayet Tek(4) Besides, there are at least 15 bodies that are buried without waiting for the identification process.
Center: 1.Bayram Tatar(16)
Nusaybin: 1.Ahmet Sönmez(50) 2.Şahin Turan(25) 3.Selamet Yeşilmen(44) 4.Abdülkadir Yılmaz(65) 5.Hasan Dal(45) 6.Musur Aslan(19) 7.Emin Öz(55) 8.Muhammed Altunkaynak(19) 9.Nurhan Kaplan(45) 10.Şerif Alpar(55) 11.Sedat Güngör(22) 12.Mehmet Emin İnan(55) 13.Cudi Teber (23) 14.Mahsum Alpdoğan(19) 15.Fehime Aktı(56) 16.Hakan Doğan(15) 17.Henüz kimliği bilinmeyen 1 kişi 18.Medeni Orak (45) 19.Rohat Karakoç 20.Hasan Korkmaz(60) 21.Mehmet Pitek(40)
Dargeçit: 1.İdris Cebe(18), 2.Takyedin Oral(adult male) 3.Necim Kılıç(67) 4.Sabahat Kılıç(28) 5.Fatma Kılıç(adult woman)